What is a pterygium?
Pterygium is a growth of tissue extending from the conjunctiva overlying the white of the eye onto the cornea. It has been associated with UV exposure. Risk factors include UV radiation, dry climate, and spending time outdoors.
What are symptoms of pterygium?
Pterygium can cause an increased redness to the surface of the eye, irritation, tearing, or sensation of dryness. As the pterygium grows, it can astigmatism and obstruction of vision.
What is the management for pterygium?
Pterygium can be initially managed with eye drops and ointments to reduce discomfort and redness. If symptoms persist, surgical excision with conjunctival graft can be performed. Some people are prone to recurrence of pterygium, which can be more aggressive.